A uterus scan can be performed to check the size and condition of the uterus, ovaries and lining of the womb. This scan can also show up ovarian cancer.
Your doctor may refer you for a uterus scan if you are experiencing unusual bleeding from the vagina, it may start as a watery discharge and light bleeding. The bleeding may be periods that are heavier than usual or vaginal bleeding in between periods or if you are suffering from unusually heavy periods. Other symptoms may include pain in the lower abdomen and pain during sex.
A uterus scan is performed to identify the womb, ovaries and surrounding structures to help assess the cause of various problems as those above but also pelvic pain or other menstrual problems, it can also be used to follow up any previously diagnosed problems involving the womb or ovaries. It is a safe and generally painless procedure.
A Uterus scan can investigate these symptoms and diagnosis may include endometriosis (where tissue that behaves like the lining of the womb is found outside of the womb) or fibroids (also known as Polyps: these are non-cancerous growths that can develop inside the womb.
If you have been referred for a uterus scan you may be asked to prepare for the scan by wearing loose clothing, a full bladder is required so you may be asked to drink 3-4 pints of water 1 hour prior to the scan. You will be asked to lie on your back and expose your abdomen and pelvic areas. Tissue paper will be used to protect your clothes from the gel which will be applied to your abdomen. The ultrasound probe will be placed on your abdomen and moved in different directions to help locate the pelvic organs; a little pressure may need to be applied to your abdomen with the probe in order to obtain clear images. This may feel a little uncomfortable but shouldn’t be painful.
You may also be offered a transvaginal scan with your consent if further investigation is required. This may be required if access to the lining of the womb is needed, this will give a more accurate examination. If you do have to have an internal uterus scan, a specially designed ultrasound probe will be covered with a protective gel, and then gently inserted into your vagina. The probe will need to be moved in different positions in order to visualise the uterus and ovaries clearly.
A uterus scan will be performed by a male or female doctor that specialises in ultrasound techniques. If you have any concerns on this you would need to speak to someone before your appointment.
A full report of a uterus scan will be compiled and sent to your GP who will follow up with a scheduled appointment.